Hip replacement surgery is also known as total hip arthroplasty (THA) or partial hip arthroplasty (PHA), depending on the extent of the surgery. It is a common procedure performed to treat hip arthritis and other conditions that cause pain and stiffness in the hip joint.
THA is a surgical procedure that involves removing the entire hip joint and replacing it with an artificial implant. PHA, on the other hand, only replaces the damaged or diseased portion of the hip joint, leaving the rest of the joint intact.
Hip replacement surgery is recommended for patients who have severe hip arthritis or other hip conditions that have not responded to other forms of treatment, such as medication or physical therapy. The decision to undergo THA or PHA will depend on the location and extent of the arthritis or damage in the hip joint.
During THA, the surgeon will remove the damaged parts of the hip joint and replace them with an artificial implant made of metal, plastic, or ceramic materials. In PHA, the surgeon will only replace the damaged or diseased part of the hip joint, leaving the rest of the joint intact.
Before the surgery, patients may need to undergo certain tests, such as blood work or imaging, to ensure they are healthy enough for surgery. They may also need to stop taking blood-thinning medication, such as aspirin, for several days before the surgery.
Following the surgery, patients should follow their doctor’s instructions regarding post-operative care, which may include pain management, physical therapy, and exercise. They should also avoid high-impact activities that put stress on the hip joint.
After the procedure, patients will need to stay in the hospital for several days to allow for proper healing and rehabilitation. They may need to use crutches or a walker to assist with mobility. Physical therapy will also be prescribed to help the patient regain strength and range of motion.
As with any surgical procedure, there are risks associated with hip replacement surgery, including infection, blood clots, and nerve or blood vessel damage. However, the risk of complications is generally low with both THA and PHA.
Recovery time varies from patient to patient, but most patients can expect to be able to resume normal activities within 3-6 weeks after surgery. However, it may take up to a year to fully recover and regain full range of motion.
In conclusion, hip replacement surgery can provide relief from hip pain and stiffness caused by arthritis or other conditions. Both total hip arthroplasty and partial hip arthroplasty are effective treatment options, depending on the location and extent of the arthritis or damage in the hip joint. If you are experiencing hip pain and think you may be a candidate for hip replacement surgery, it is important to discuss your options with a qualified healthcare professional. With proper care and rehabilitation, many patients are able to regain mobility and enjoy an improved quality of life after hip replacement surgery.